How to make Electricity from water | How is electricity made from water? Hydro Electric Power Plant | How Hydro Electric Power Plants works | How Hydro Power Generated |

 Hello friends, welcome once again to this website of ours today in this blog post we will know how to make electricity from water so let’s start?



                 




How is electricity (electricity) made? How is Electricity Generated?




                      


To make electricity, the most important thing is that it is called Alternator (Generator), its job is to convert mechanical energy into electrical energy?


Now, most people say that electricity is made from water, some say electricity is produced from steam, some say electricity is made from air, and some say electricity is made from coal?


Now see, the main work we have to do to make electricity is that this generator has to be rotated, that is, this generator has to be given mechanical energy so that it can give electrical energy in the output?


Now we have different ways to rotate this generator, we can also lose this generator with the pressure of water, or we can also rotate it with the pressure of steam or it can also be rotated by the pressure of air. can?


To generate electricity, we mainly need 3 things:


1) Fuel


2) Prime Mover


3) Generator


                        



1) Fuel: Fuel such as Raw Material Coal, Water, Uranium, Diesel or Gas, etc.?


Fuel is used as a primary source of energy, whereas fuel is used to heat water because steam has to be made and this steam is then struck on the turbine so that the turbine can be rotated?


2) Prime Mover: Prime Mover such as a Turbine connects the Turbine to the Shaft of the Alternator (Generator) so that when the Turbine rotates, the Alternator also rotates?


Or we can say that a Turbine is a device that converts hydraulic energy or pressure energy into mechanical energy?


Now after burning the fuel, the water heats up and steam pressure is created this pressure is hit on the turbine and the turbine rotates?


3) Generator: Now the most important thing is the ‘Generator’ that makes electricity, the shaft of the generator is kept by coupling (connecting) with the turbine and when the turbine rotates then the generator also rotates and electrical energy produces?




If you want to see the video made on this topic, then click on the link given below?











 AC में ton क्या है यह भी पढ़े ?


Battery में Ah का क्या मतलब है यह भी पढ़े ?


Motor में Carbon के Brush क्यों use होते हैं यह भी पढ़े ?


Led bulb क्या है ? LED Bulb कैसे काम करता है यह भी पढ़े ?


What is Inductor ? Inductor क्या होता है यह भी पढ़े ? 


What is Capacitor ? Capacitor क्या होता है यह भी पढ़े ?


What इस Resistor ? Resistor क्या होता है यह भी पढ़े ?


Fuse क्या होता है यह भी पढ़े ? 


Fridge में litre का क्या मतलब है यह भी पढ़े ?







How is electricity made from water? How Electricity made from water |






So far we have known how electricity is made, now we know how electricity is made from water?


So the process of making electricity from water is called hydroelectricity?


That is, to rotate the turbine with the pressure of water?


The cheapest fuel used in “Hydropower plants” is ‘water’?


The water is collected in a high dam. This water is released and strikes the blades of the turbine and then the kinetic energy present in this water is converted into mechanical energy. Then the alternator is connected to the shaft of the turbine. The alternator converts this mechanical energy into electrical energy?




Parts of Hydro Power Plant?



There are many parts of Hydro Power Plants such as:-


1) Reservoir


2) Dam


3) Spillways


4) Surge Tank


5) Penstocks


6) Turbine


7) Generator










1) Reservoir: In Rainy Season, water is collected in Reservoir, it can also be a Natural or Artificial Lake. Reservoir We can say that a Tank which is made behind the Dam?


2) Dam: Dam i.e. the dam which is used to keep the water up to the height so that when it is released then the pressure is high, is the dam made from concrete or from stone?


3) Spillways : When the Reservoir gets full of water during a flood, then the Spillways Safety Valve starts working like extra water when it is not needed then spillways are discharged through spillways are made over the dam?


4) Surge Tank: Surge Tank would be a conservator tank i.e. we can say that an empty tank when water is more or less than required in Turbine then water is taken or given from the Surge tank?


5) Penstocks: Penstocks are like a pipe that connects the Surge Tank and Turbine together as you see in the diagram?


6) Turbine: Water Turbine is a prime mover whose job is to convert the pressure energy of the water or we say convert the Kinetic energy of water into mechanical energy?


7) Generator: The generator is connected to the shaft of the turbine, so this mechanical energy is converted into electrical energy by the generator?




How does Hydro Power Plant work?



So first the water is collected in the Reservoir, then this water is released through the Dam and this water strikes the Turbine through Pen Stocks?





                     




 And then the Kinetic Energy present in this water is converted into Mechanical Energy on the Turbine and then the Generator is connected to the same shaft of the Turbine, then the Generator converts this Mechanical Energy into Electrical Energy?


And there are many other things in the middle like Surge Tank, and Spillways, their job is to maintain it when the water pressure is more or less?


So this is how a hydropower plant works and in this way electricity is made from water?




Benefits of Hydro Power Plant:


1) In a hydropower plant, do we use water as a fuel, which makes it cheaper?


2) Hydropower plants do not cause any kind of pollution?


3) If we use water as a fuel, then the running cost of the plant is significantly less?


4) Hydropower plant can be switched on instantly whereas steam power plant takes some time to start?


5) Hydropower plants help in controlling the flood and in the irrigation of the field?




Disadvantages of Hydro Power Plant:



1) What is the initial cost to build a hydropower plant?


2) When the water is available to run the plant when the ice melts or during the rainy season, that’s why it has to depend a little on the weather?


3) After the generation of electricity, the transmission cost is high to transmit it because Hydropower plants are always built on the banks of the river?






हमें Facebook पर follow करें ?


हमें Instagram पर follow करें ?





So we hope that you have liked the information given by us about Hydro Power Plant, if you came across this blog post, then you like it and if you want to go to our youtube channel, then click on the link given below. You will find similar informative videos on our youtube channel, thank you very much for reading this blog post!!




Youtube channel link 

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published.